2 edition of Life cycle analysis of vinyl chloride monomer (VCM) plant found in the catalog.
Life cycle analysis of vinyl chloride monomer (VCM) plant
|Statement||Rozita Yusoff ; supervised by Robin Smith.|
|Contributions||Smith, Robin., Centre for Process Integration.|
cradle-to-gate life cycle inventory of nine plastic resins and four polyurethane precursors prepared for plastics division of the american chemistry council (acc) by franklin associates, a division of eastern research group, inc. prairie village, kansas august, The following pie chart shows world consumption of vinyl chloride monomer: In , Northeast Asia was the largest consumer of VCM, accounting for over half of the world’s VCM demand. China is the largest overall player in the VCM market, with more than 40% of the total global capacity, production, and consumption in
However, the Assessment of Technical Basis for a PVC-related Materials Credit in LEED draft, made available for review from Decem to Febru , stated: Using current data for life-cycle analysis [LCA] and risk assessment, our analysis of the chosen building material alternatives shows that PVC does not emerge as a clear. Vinyl Chloride (CH 2:CHCl) 75–01–4 Dependent upon analytical equipment. Applicability. This method is applicable for the determination of the vinyl chloride monomer (VCM) content of in-process wastewater samples, and the residual vinyl chloride monomer (RCVM) content of polyvinyl chloride (PVC) resins, wet, cake, slurry, and latex samples.
ISO specifies a method for the determination of residual vinyl chloride monomer in homopolymer and copolymer resins of vinyl chloride. The method is based on a static headspace gas-chromatographic technique (i.e. the analysis of the vapour phase in equilibrium with the solid phase at constant temperature) and is suitable for all. 13 Sustainable Process Design: The Case of Vinyl Chloride Monomer (VCM) Adisa Azapagic. 14 Urban Sustainability: The Case of Transport Slobodan Perdan and Adisa Azapagic. 15 Aviation and its Response to Environmental Pressure Alice Bows and Kevin Anderson. 16 Health Impact Assessment of Urban Pollution Zaid Chalabi and Tony Fletcher.
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Polyvinyl chloride (PVC), the second most widely consumed plastic, is a 21st century material generally used in pipes, cables, and other construction applications. Life cycle assessment (LCA) of polyvinyl chloride production and its recyclability in China was conducted to investigate the environmental impact generated from PVC by: Vinyl chloride monomer (VCM) is a colorless, gaseous, sweet-smelling organochloride primarily used in the production of polyvinyl chloride (PVC) with additional historical usage before the s as an aerosol propellant and refrigerant.  VCM is now classified as an International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) Group 1 carcinogen. PVC resins are used widely in building Author: Matthew S.
Fralish, John W. Downs. Polyvinyl chloride Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) is a polymer of the monomer vinyl chloride. Vinyl chloride originates from the raw materials crude oil and salt.
The energy requirement for the production of PVC from the raw materials is derived from refs 5 and 6 and amounts to MJ/kg ( MJ/ kg feedstock requirement and MJ/kg process Cited by: Linwood B. Crider, Michael M. O'Mara, Robert L. Bowles, A model for the diffusion of vinyl chloride monomer from PVC under various conditions of storage, Journal of Vinyl Technology, /vnl, 1, 3, (), ().Cited by: analysis of vinyl chloride in plastic with polyvinyl chloride as its principal ingredient.
The vinyl chloride test method is for measuring vinyl chloride monomer present in polyvinyl chloride by GC/ FID using the headspace method. Sample pretreatment is conducted according to that specified in. This EPD describes the production of the vinyl chloride monomer and the polyvinyl chloride polymer from cradle to gate (from crude oil extraction to granules or resin at plant).
block of life cycle assessment (LCA) studies of individual products; and by other interested parties, as a source of life cycle information. Vinyl Chloride Monomer: All PVC pipe, fittings and materials are tested at least twice per year for residual vinyl chloride.
Samples are selected randomly by NSF auditors during unannounced inspections of each production facility. Levels of RVCM must pass the toxicology evaluation. Click here for a copy of the letter.
Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard. ASTM Standards. D Test Method for Determining Residual Vinyl Chloride Monomer Content in PPB Range in Vinyl Chloride Homo- and Co-Polymers by Headspace Gas Chromatography.
D Practice for Determination of Volatiles in. Maltoni C, Lefemine G, Chieco P, Carretti D. Vinyl chloride carcinogenesis: current results and perspectives. Med Lav. ; 65 (11–12)– Maltoni C, Lefemine G, Ciliberti A, Cotti G, Carretti D.
Carcinogenicity bioassays of vinyl chloride monomer: a model of risk assessment on an experimental basis. Environ Health Perspect. This paper focused on the performance analysis of Poly vinyl chloride (PVC) outsole in order to improve the sustainability of the outsole design.
According to footwear construction, outsole is the outermost layer which comes with direct contact with ground surface. A broad spectrum of materials are used in footwear construction as outsole but PVC is widely used which is manufactured from. Life Cycle Inventory (LCI) data for PVC.
It is important to collect and provide proper LCI data for correct LCA evaluations. According to the eco-profile data published by PlasticsEurope for general purpose plastics, there is no remarkable difference in the process energy from extraction of oil to plastic production between PVC and the other production of PVC requires about half.
Vinyl Chloride Monomer. Vinyl chloride was first produced in but did not go into regular production until the early twentieth century. Vinyl chloride has been used in the past as an anaesthetic and as an aerosol spray propellant but its principle use has been to produce the polymer, polyvinyl chloride (PVC), or vinyl.
Vinyl chloride is also a product of anaerobic degradation of chlorination solvents such as would be expected to occur in groundwater and landfills. Small quantities of vinyl chloride can be released to food by migration of vinyl chloride monomer present in polyvinyl chloride food wrappings and containers.
Among the most important by-products of the PVC life cycle are dioxin, ethylene dichloride (EDC), and vinyl chloride monomer(VCM). The formation of dioxin – a nondegradable organic compound that is one of the most potent carcinogens known to science (there is no “safe” dose) and one to which every American is exposed – is a direct.
Vinyl Chloride Monomer (VCM) Emissions: VCM emissions during the manufacture of PVC resin should comply with specific targets. With regards to PVC resin produced via suspension polymerisation, emissions are not to exceed 43g per tonnes of product, while the target is g per tonne of product for PVC resin manufactured by emulsion polymerisation.
The life cycle of vinyl wallpaper production includes many processes in order to manufacture, distribute, install, and remove wallpaper. The manufacturing process includes paper production to produce the backing, PVC production to make the vinyl coating, and solvent ink manufacturing to allow the fusion of ink and plastic to take place.
Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC), a major plastics material which finds widespread use in building, transport, packaging, electrical/electronic and healthcare applications. PVC is a very durable and long last construction material, which can be used in a variety of applications, either rigid or flexible, white or black and a wide range of colours in between.
This life cycle assessment was critically reviewed in accordance with ISO by: Jim Mellentine Sustainable Solutions Corporation.
is prepared by polymerization of vinyl chloride monomer. Vinyl chloride monomer is produced from salt and ethylene. Glass, CAS#is produced by fusing silicon dioxide (sand). vinyl chloride monomer per the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. A recent Environmental Product Declaration for PVC pipe, certified by NSF International, confirms the safety of PVC water pipe.
The EPD states: No known chemicals are released into the water system. No known toxicity effects occur in the use of the product.
Vinyl chloride monomer news and market information products from ICIS. We offer the following regional Vinyl chloride monomer coverage to keep you informed of factors and developments affecting prices in the US Vinyl chloride monomer marketplace. Price reporting More information about the price reports we publish on Vinyl chloride monomer.
VINYL CHLORIDE 4. CHEMICAL AND PHYSICAL INFORMATION CHEMICAL IDENTITY Information regarding the chemical identity of vinyl chloride is located in Table This information includes synonyms, chemical formula and structure, and identification numbers. PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES.Step safety vinyl flooring has a guaranteed slip resistant performance throughout the life of the product Forbo was the first flooring manufacturer to publish a complete Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) report verified by CML in In addition Forbo is now to publish Environmental Product Declarations (EPD) for all products including full LCA reports.Polyvinyl chloride (/ ˌ p ɒ l i v aɪ n əl ˈ k l ɔːr aɪ d /; colloquial: polyvinyl, vinyl; abbreviated: PVC) is the world's third-most widely produced synthetic plastic polymer (after polyethylene and polypropylene).About 40 million tons of PVC are produced each year.
PVC comes in two basic forms: rigid (sometimes abbreviated as RPVC) and flexible.